The American Academic Research Institute in Iraq (TAARII — formerly the American Association for Research in Baghdad, AARB) was re-established in 2002 to promote scholarly research on and in Iraq and ancient Mesopotamia. The Institute, a consortium of American universities and museums, intends to establish a multidisciplinary American scholarly research center in Iraq when conditions permit. TAARII raises funds for graduate and post-graduate fellowships for Americans to work on Iraq in as broad a range of disciplines as possible. It also has a fellowship program for Iraqi academics to aid them in carrying out research in Iraq. TAARII initiates its own research projects and fosters joint projects between American and Iraqi academics. Like similar American Overseas Research Centers, TAARII has as its primary focus the humanities and social sciences, as well as closely related natural sciences, but it will facilitate outstanding research in any legitimate academic field.

TAARII sponsors a range of events, lectures, conferences, and conference panels. It also publishes a bi-annual newsletter that is mailed to members and is also available as a PDF on the TAARII website. TAARII’s membership consists of both institutions and individuals. TAARII is incorporated in the state of Illinois and has 501(c)3 status with the Internal Revenue Service. TAARII is apolitical and has no religious affiliation.